Antigua Guatemala is located 45 kilometers from Guatemala City, depending on the day and hour, the land transfer may take from 1 hour to 2 hours.
It was declared World Heritage by UNESCO and is doubtlessly the top destination in Guatemala. Tourism development has been constantly growing.
It was established as the capital city on the 10th of march of 1543 in the valley of Panchoy.
Before it, 2 other cities had been named capital. Iximché in Tecpán, Chimaltenango was the first capital city established by Pedro Alvarado on July 1524, but due to constant fights between the Kaqchikel (Mayan natives of the zone) and the Spanish, it was moved -in 1527- to San Miguel Escobar known as “Ciudad Vieja” in the Valley of Almolonga.
Antigua attracts its visitors with its stoned streets, colonial architecture, Agua Volcano on the back, and the unique mix of Mayan traditions and modern life reflected on every corner.
There many places to discover, from corner markets to big plazas, but here the most renown:
Atitlán lake is located in Sololá, 120 kilometers from Guatemala City. Land-transfer may take 3 hours approximately.
Described by many as “the most beautiful lake in the world” due to its blue waters, 3 volcanoes, and 11 Mayan Villages on its shores.
Its name means “between the waters” in Nahuatl. It is the deepest lake in Central America with 340 meters and a surface of 130 square kilometers. Due to the nearby volcanoes and waters, the area has fertile soil, allowing agriculture to be a source of income.
Before the lake, millions of years ago, there was an enormous volcano. There was a strong eruption dispersing ash that reached the areas from Florida to Ecuador, creating the lake and the 3 volcanoes.
A natural phenomenon occurs at the lake mornings and afternoons, called by the Kaqchikel as "Xocomil", which means: the wind that carried away sin. This phenomenon is the encounter of Pacific winds with cold Northern winds creating a swirl in the waters of the lake.
An underwater city was discovered years ago. "Sambaj", 55 feet below the lake level, archeological pieces have been collected from it and shown in museums.
Tikal is located 540 kilometers from Guatemala City. The land-transfer takes approximately 8 hours. You can also arrive by air taking a domestic one-hour flight.
Tikal is one of the major archeological sites and most powerful kingdoms of the Mayan Civilization. The National Park is in the middle of a rainforest and was declared World Heritage by UNESCO.
According to archeologists, the site might date back to the 4th century BC. The greatest time of Tikal was in 200 to 900 AD and was when the civilization was the political, economic, and military power of the Mayas. Major events including wars and climate affected directly its population and led to the abandonment of the site in the 10th century.
Chichicastenango is located in Quiché, 145 kilometers from the capital city. The land transfer takes 3 to 4 and a half hours, approximately.
The road trip is inspirational passing from one town to another, admiring crops and fruits plantations, as well as beautiful green landscapes formed by valleys and volcanoes.
The town is a tourist and cultural center; 98.5% of its population are indigenous Mayan K´iche. Important to mention this is the city where the Mayan sacred book "Popol Vuh" was originated.
Izabal is one of the departments in Guatemala and its capital, Puerto Barrios, is located 300 kilometers from Guatemala City, on the Caribbean Coast. Land transfer from Guatemala may take 6 to 8 hours. Another way to arrive is by taking a domestic 1-hour flight.
The zone is a natural jewel with white-sanded beaches.
The zone was populated by the native Caribbean, Arahuacos, and Afro-Americans, giving as a result what today we call Garífunas.
Part of the importance of Izabal for Guatemala and the world is the construction of train rails from Puerto Barrios to Guatemala City. It started in 1883 and went on under different administrations and difficulties. Later, The United Fruit Company came in and took control of it to transport imported and local products as bananas to the USA.
On the other hand, in the 1950s, in El Estor, Izabal, Niquel mines were found, but exploitation of it started until 1971, contributing to the country´s and world´s economy.
Visiting Izabal is a good option to discover the Caribbean beauty of Guatemala while at the same time having the option of extending your trip towards Tikal, Petén and the cays of Belize.
Our recommendation: If you are planning a trip to Guatemala, do not travel on your own. You should take a travel package at one Travel Agency of your home country, take tours from travel platforms, or book them directly with a local Tour Operator legally registered.
In this 4+ weeks experiential travel program, participants will visit and explore 16+ locations across 3 states in North India. The places included are Rajasthan (Jaipur, Ajmer, Pushkar), Delhi, Uttarakhand (Rishikesh, Parvati Valley, Mussoorie, Dhanaulti, Kasol, Chalaal, Tosh, Barkot), Uttar Pradesh (Mathura, Agra).