The Zapata Wetland is located in the southern part of Matanzas province, iIt has an extension of more than 4300 km2 including the Zapata Peninsule and an extensive area at the east of the Bay of Pigs.
Most of Zapata Wetland is included in the Great Montemar Natural Park, which brings together great tourist attractions, both natural - which are the main ones - and historical ones. It's
the largest wetland in the insular Caribbean region, and being a relatively little area modified by the hand of man, it' s a green destination for excellency, since it contains various tourist attractions, mainly related to nature tourism, beach tourism, sport fishing and diving.
This region constitutes one of the most important forested areas of Cuba, there' re 78 species of endemic plants and 6 endemic species of its own, as well as numerous species of fauna among others, crocodiles, manjuarí (fossil fish) and the birds, representing a place of great interest for its conservation and since 2000 it was declared a Biosphere Reserve, one of the six in Cuba.
There are 16 species of reptiles in the region, none of them dangerous to humans, a considerable population of deer, wild pigs and other mammals such as jutía (conga and dwarf) and an immense population of birds, they have been seen more than 200 species. In fact, Zapata Wetland is the largest and most important reservoir of migratory birds in Cuba, mainly migratory birds from North America, which use it as their greenhouse, at least 65 species have been identified.
Among fish species without Any doubt the most interesting is the Manjuarí, practically a living fossil that only inhabits the Zapata Wetland, the trout also stands out, due to its great interest for sport fishing in Laguna del Tesoro (Treasure Lagoon).
Cuba is known for its heritage cities and its beautiful beaches, however, therea re a lot of natural jewels very little explored. We invite you to take a two-day car tour through four provinces, Artemisa, Havana, Mayabeque and Matanzas to visit two of the biosphere reserves of western Cuba. We will visit Sierra del Rosario and Ciénaga de Zapata.
Travelling along the north coast of Cuba from Havana to Varadero we will know El Malecón and two of The Cuban engineering wonders: the tunnel of Havana bay and the Bacunayagua Bridge, we will dive in the cold and crystalline waters of Saturn cave and as a final climax we will enjoy and swim into the warm waters of Varadero beach.